The Anatomy of a Ransomware Attack: How Does Ransomware Work?

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Futurism Technologies

September 27, 2022 - 4.2K
5 Min Read

The Anatomy of a Ransomware Attack: How Does Ransomware Work?

One in 40 companies is hit by a Ransomware attack every week with healthcare, education, and government organizations facing the most heat!

Ransomware is a type of malware that threatens to destroy or withhold a victim’s data unless the victim pays a ransom. Ransomware was named the top threat type, with the attacks seeing an increase of over 140% in 2021. (Source: SonicWall)

Stages of a Ransomware Attack

Stage 1 – Campaign

  • Exploiting web servers
  • Sending malicious mails
  • Social engineering

Stage 2 – Infection

  • Phishing emails (spear-phishing)
  • Malicious mails
  • Remote desktop tools
  • Exploiting vulnerabilities

Stage 3 – Data Encryption

  • Scanning and encrypting system files
  • Replacing originals with encrypted versions
  • Locking the files with a controlled key
  • Deleting backup and shadow copies

Stage 4 – Ransom / Pay Day

  • Dropping a ransom note
  • Asking for payment settlements
  • Decrypt the files and free up the system

Read also: See how a leading French hospital was paralyzed by the biggest Ransomware attack of the decade!

Detecting a Ransomware Attack

Detecting a Ransomware attack goes beyond the old-school tactics.

Effective Ransomware attack protection goes beyond anti-virus and old-school tactics, as it involves a combination of cybersecurity awareness, technology, and expert help.

Don’t fall for the bait! Get help now!

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